Aircraft Carrier Comparison: Chinese Type 001A VS The US Ford Class Carrier – Army / Navy Comparison

Aircraft Carrier Comparison: Chinese Type 001A VS The US Ford Class Carrier – Army / Navy Comparison


In recent years, China’s aggressive expansion
of its military presence on disputed South China Sea territories has highlighted for
the nation’s leadership the necessity for a ‘blue water’, or ocean-going, navy. As the cornerstone of any modern naval force,
the Chinese turned their ambition towards developing a homegrown aircraft carrier- now,
nearly a decade after refitting a half-built former Soviet carrier as a test ship, the
Chinese have recently put to sea their first indigenous aircraft carrier: the Type-001A. Meanwhile, the USA is simultaneously launching
its newest model of aircraft carriers, the Ford Class, as it finishes a 3-year pivot
of its naval forces to the South Pacific in preparation for a possible confrontation with
an increasingly aggressive China. Today, we’ll take a look at a potential
showdown between two of the mightiest ships ever constructed, in this episode of The Infographics
Show, the Chinese Type-001A vs the US Ford Class carrier. To determine a victor, the ships will go head-to-head
in three key areas: crew, speed/power, and armaments. China’s navy is re-entering ‘blue’ waters
for the first time in over a century and faces a combat-proven United States Navy. But who who would win in an all-out fight? A modern aircraft carrier is essentially a
small floating city, housing a crew of thousands who must flawlessly execute dangerous take-off
and landing operations 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, in all weather conditions. In combat, crews can potentially be launching
and recovering 240 aircraft a day, meaning that this small city must operate in perfect
unison at all times- and all the while with hundreds of thousands of pounds’ worth of
live bombs and jet fuel on or below the flight deck. Needless to say, crew expertise is a critical
component of any aircraft carrier. The American Ford Class is entering service
into a navy with a rich aircraft carrier tradition. Both in its own wars, and assisting allies
or UN forces, the aircraft carrier has been the tip of American power for over 70 years,
and its pilots and crews indubitably the most experienced in the world. During the height of carrier-based strikes
during the invasions of both Iraq and Afghanistan, American carriers were generating sortie rates
of more than 200 a day, an absolutely incredible feat of teamwork and expertise. The Chinese meanwhile have only now reached
6 years of aircraft carrier experience. For any new navy, and especially its pilots,
the task of operating and launching sorties from a carrier is a difficult and often painful
one to master. Landing a 70,000 lb (32,000 kg) airplane atop
a moving deck in the middle of the ocean is an incredibly difficult task for any airman,
and Chinese pilots were not only learning how to do this for themselves, but actually
designing the training program for future pilots simultaneously. Due to Chinese censorship, exact figures are
impossible to verify, but it is clear by the leak of reports of ongoing accidents involving
pilots both at sea and testing carrier technologies on dry land, that the Chinese are finding
the process of cutting their teeth on carrier operations to be as painful as any other nation’s. Another important factor, however, is the
Chinese government’s shaky faith in its own troops due to decades of corruption. As he assumed office in 2012, Chinese President
Xi Jinping was warned by senior staff that they doubted China’s ability to fight and
win any war due to the prevalence of corrupt and incompetent military leadership. Xi would immediately launch a series of historic
anti-corruption purges, announcing in 2016 that an incredible one million officials had
been punished for corruption. Western observers note that corruption is
still a major concern for Chinese leadership, and also point at a three-times lowering of
military recruitment standards as signs of questionable fitness from its service members. Still, the launching of the Type-001A clearly
signals a Chinese navy that’s shaping up and literally shipping out. Shaking off the dark shadow of corruption
and boldly stepping forward into its first carrier program, China is still unfortunately
overwhelmingly outclassed by America’s experience, giving the Ford Class the advantage for crew
expertise. Our next critical assessment of the two aircraft
carriers lies in the area of speed. Aircraft carriers are the vanguards of a nation’s
naval forces, and as such need to be fast enough to get to hot spots anywhere in the
world quickly. Speed isn’t just important for getting to
warfronts quickly though, but also to make a carrier harder to detect and target. By staying in constant motion, an aircraft
carrier is much harder to neutralize than an airfield, but can be just as big a threat. America has a long history of forward-deploying
its carriers around the world, and thus it’s no surprise that speed was a big priority
for the US Navy, with the Ford Class displacing a whopping 100,000 tons and still reaching
speeds in excess of 35 mph (56 kph). By comparison, the Type-001A is a lithe 70,000
tons and travels at 36 mph (57 kph). Slight, but the advantage would seemingly
still go to the Type-001A- except for the reason why though it is 30% lighter, the Type-001A
is only 1 mph faster than the Ford Class: nuclear power. The US Nimitz class, which the Ford replaces,
carries dual nuclear reactors capable of generating a combined 450MWs of electricity, but the
40 year old design is incapable of generating enough power for modern systems. The Ford Class was thus designed not only
to operate modern power-hungry electronics, but with a projected service life of 90 years,
its nuclear reactors can generate up to 700MW- over 25% more than its Nimitz predecessors
and leaving plenty of juice for future weapons and upgrades. Though the Chinese Type-001A is faster by
a hair, the Americans once more have the advantage courtesy of the Ford’s dual A1B nuclear reactors,
and all the modern and future capabilities a Ford carrier can thus bring to bear. Crew, speed, and power are all important for
any vessel- but what about the actual weapons both ships bring to bear against one another? Unlike any other combat vessel, an aircraft
carrier is unique in that it is equipped with few if any long-range strike capabilities
in the form of guns or missiles. Instead they rely completely on the aircraft
they launch for both offense and defense. Because our two carriers would never physically
see each other in our hypothetical combat, we instead must look at the combat aircraft
each brings to bear. China’s Type-001A’s exact air wing compliment
remains unconfirmed as the ship has only now entered sea trials and is yet years away from
being operational. Analysts however have estimated that the Type-001A
will carry either 4 more fixed-wing aircraft, or 8 helicopters than the Type-001, bringing
its air wing to 24-28 fighters and 17-25 helicopters. Once operational, the Type-001A will be equipped
with the J-15 “Flying Shark” fighter jet. Denounced by Russia as a copy of their Sukhoi
Su-33 fighter, the J-15 is indubitably heavily influenced by the Su-33, but features indigenously-developed
technologies, an important goal for Chinese military aviation. However, by China’s own admission the J-15’s
engines are not as powerful as either the Russian Su-33’s or the American Superhornet’s,
requiring the Type-001A carrier to be equipped with a ramp-like ski jump to help get the
plane into the air. Its weaker engines and need for a ski-ramp
for takeoff assist means that the J-15 cannot take off with as much fuel or weapons as an
American plane, a critical vulnerability in carrier-on-carrier combat. By comparison, the American Ford class is
predicted to field between 75 and 92 aircraft- potentially tripling its combat power vs the
Chinese Type-001A. More important though is the configuration
of the American air wing vs the Chinese air wing- a Ford Class carrier will be equipped
with stealthy F-35s, EA-18G Growler electronic attack jets, MQ-25 Stingray refueling and
reconnaissance drones, and E-2D Hawkeye airborne early-warning and control aircraft. The addition of electronic attack, airborne
refueling, and early-warning aircraft to the American air wing means that US jets will
be able to fly further for longer, and fire first on radar-jammed and blind Chinese fighters. In the combat calculus of armaments, it is
a no-contest win for the United States, who comes armed with triple the firepower and
more sophisticated fighter and support aircraft. So who would win in a fight between the Chinese
Type-001A and an American Ford Class carrier? The United States brings proven combat veterancy
and decades of experience in both operating and building aircraft carriers. Its new Ford Class carriers are not only based
on a proven design, but will come equipped with the world’s first 5th-generation aircraft
and have plenty of capability to adopt emerging technologies such as energy and railgun weapons. While a brave and very impressive start, the
Chinese Type-001A is still just that: a start based on an obsolete design for a nation that
for decades had no interest in aircraft carriers. Still, some critics argue that the Ford Class
is too ambitious and fields too many new technologies that have never been tested in combat. Should the worst come to pass and an American
Ford carrier ever finds itself in combat versus China’s Type-001A, the victor will almost
certainly be the American ship- but who knows, maybe somewhere deep within the American high-tech
carrier lies a critical vulnerability that may spell doom for America’s flag ships. So, what do you think? Despite the overwhelming advantages, do you
think China’s first aircraft carrier has a chance of going toe-to-toe versus a Ford? Can the J-15 beat America’s stealthy F-35,
or will the super-ambitious, state-of-the-art, but combat unproven F-35 be the Ford’s Achille’s
Heel? Let us know your thoughts in the comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video
called Top 10 Most Powerful Militaries in 2017! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

100 thoughts on “Aircraft Carrier Comparison: Chinese Type 001A VS The US Ford Class Carrier – Army / Navy Comparison

  1. Remember this caution, Saudi Arabia has the world's most sophisticated and advanced military in the world; what usa has Saudi has too by purchasing these expensive weapon systems, but they were and are being decisively beaten by the most backward enemy, the Houthis of Yemen. True the Americans have a 70 years of CARRIER operating experience over the Chinese but can the PRC do in military science as well as they did in advancing China from poverty to world rank No. 2 ? Who would have dared to bet in 1974 that China will overtake the USA in 2014 ?

  2. By the same line of argument, who would have, in his wildest moments would believe possible that China under the Presidency of Xi would restructure and modernize the PLA from a land based force into the world's number 3 military ? Who would dare dream that Under President Xi, from 2015, China would have a "PACIFIC FLEET THAT IS MORE POWERFUL THAN THE OF THE USA IN THE PACIFIC ? What seems impossible for the USA & others, is POSSIBLE FOR PRESIDENT XI. It is all about leadership and the quality of the DNA of a people; WHO WOULD HAVE THOUGHT POSSIBLE, that Singapore from a resourceless and then 3rd world nation, WOULD DEVELOP AND BECOME THE WORLD'S MOST WEALTHY NATION OF EARTH PER CAPITA, is what I mean. One man Lee Kuan Yew turned Singapore from mudflat into the richest city state in the world, THE CHINESE PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT DNA TO ACHIEVE THE IMPOSSIBLE !

  3. Lived in China on and off for decades. JUST LOOK AT THEIR SOCIETY to predict crew capability. Everything here is crumbling—hateful chaos, no original thinking.

  4. "unfortunately"? you are talking about very probably hypothetical conflict between us and china and you say it is "unfortunate" that we still outclass them?

  5. The US would demolish China in any fight. All China does is steal tech that they can even duplicate properly. They think if they make something look cool it will work well, which of course it doesn't. Their carrier requires a tug boat to follow it around because it's always breaking down.

  6. My main concern is the chinese's Jedi program coupled with the known structural weakness of the thermal exhaust port of the Ford-class carriers.

  7. engines not as powerful as the super hornets? thats not super powerful, there are loads of better US aircraft out there (some of which are debatable but you get my drift)

  8. Your graphics repeatedly show aircraft LANDING from bow to stern! Any one even casually familiar with carriers know that aircraft approach the STERN for landings. Sloppy work.

  9. There is one thing I can speak on with certainty and that is Chinese steel. It is absolute garbage! We do excavating and all of these new pieces of equipment being built with Chinese steel are constantly failing..Especially the excavators. The booms keep breaking on them. I know of a company that had 8 new track hoes and 7 of the booms have had to be plated, cause the failed after a year..

  10. The type 001-a is 1mph faster than the unclassified speed of the USS Gerald R. Ford. Classified speeds can be anywhere from 10-30mph faster than unclassified.

  11. This "China designing their own program" fly's in the face of previous conduct by the Chinese. The Chinese will never pay to develop it for themselves, they will wait for you to develop it then steal it from you.
    OK video (even though the planes in the video were landing the wrong way on the carrier) Pretty lame to say "who knows, perhaps the American carriers have a flaw not yet discovered" Certainly after so much experience and demonstrated ability the ships are well known. Thinking that a piece of equipment you are working with has some terrible, deadly, as of yet undiscovered flaw will paralyze you.

  12. The United States Navy is without question the most effective fighting force the world has ever seen, and its not even close. Between the carrier groups and MEU's, there's nothing keeping the United States from obliterating any other force other than our own benevolence.

  13. I don’t see any possible way China, even though it steals most of it’s information, can possibly take on a Ford Class Carrier at this time.

  14. The Nimitz/Ford top speed is supposed to be over 35kts(40mph) but their top speed is classified. I've read anecdotes of USN vets saying the flattops could run over 40 knots for urgent requirements.

  15. only 2 reactors? they just decommissioned the uss enterprise cvn 65 in 2012 that had 8 reactors and the cvn 79 and uss enterprise cvn 80 will both have 12 reactors along with the most advanced and most easily upgradable systems in the world. and doing it with about 30% less crew. thats a bigger, more powerful, faster, more advanced ship. they just laid the keel for the new enterprise and will be commissioned in 2027. the only advantage the chines has is shear numbers, they can litteraly drop millions of bodies on the us for years and still have plenty.

  16. By the time China has a Ford equivalent, America will be using Torsion Field lift and propulsion tech.

    So, it's irrelevant.

  17. What are the odds that the Chinese make parts/components that go into the U.S. Carriers?

  18. i heard that China is quickly building more carriers these days. Will China ever catch up with the U.S. in quantities?

  19. another factor not mentioned is war production. in world war 2 we built 26 essex class carriers to combat the Japanese.

  20. Actually, at 5:52: the Nimitz class can only produce 32MW of electrical service power for the entire ship. and the reactors are rated at 550 MW each. so, your statements for the Nimitz is inaccurate, and you should have done some better research. also, when talking about speed, please use knots, these ships don't travel on land, but by sea. saying miles per hour, is basically dumb, since in the water the surface is constantly in motion ( waves ), thus a more accurate term would be Knotical Miles Per hour. as for the Ford class, it has similar speed to the Nimitz class, but i would say the crew are a bit more… green behind the ears per-say. mainly due to the new ship and its unique problems.

  21. we already know its hidden weakness, the fact that its main strike capability is coming from F-35's. They are overhyped garbage piles that have no reason to be anywhere near combat.

  22. This is probably directly sponsored by the Chinese or Russian military. The Russians have a long and glorious history of talking up enemy forces and downplaying their own. And thus, when it comes to war, the Russians wipe out the enemy. USA is a paper tiger. It's nukes are the only thing preventing China, Russia……. or Germany or Japan conquering USA. The Russians on the other hand can really fight.

  23. Why is the USA worried ? China never invades U.S territory , they just do their games in the China sea , not even in Pacific near USA . Just stop being over cautious , China isnt North Korea .

  24. The speaker is being very misleading when he claims that China is "increasingly aggressive". The US is of course 100x more aggressive than China. China doesn't have its carriers or battleships even near the US, while the US can have its carriers very close to China. It is ridiculous to say China is aggressive repeatedly when China cannot afford to be aggressive at all – because the US has 100x more naval vessels than China.

  25. A Ford class US supercarrier can utilize 4 active runway scenario's. China can't really manage 2. Also, if we went to war, technically China hasn't really commissioned their new aircraft carrier yet so it would be 1 old rebuilt Russian ship against 11 nuclear powered US supercarrier's. I don't think our boys would even break a sweat!!!!

  26. Just before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Japanese had almost double of Aircraft Carriers than the USA. Japan swept through the Pacific unopposed for almost a whole year. So how come the United States isn't a part of the Japanese Empire? Because training and tactics wins wars. The USA took what was left, and still took the fight to the enemy. Now, China is just starting out in this field whereas even Great Britain has more experience than anyone in China. The United States has over 100 years of experience in building, training and most of the all "Battle Stars" which can only be given in Combat Experience. In other words, China is playing with plastic toys compared to the United States. And the United States is constantly updating its tactics whereas the Chinese barely knows how to sail it. Because they still don't know how to build one. The Chinese version is an old Soviet design. And China only has 1. The United States has several. The USA can completely surround the Chinese single Aircraft Carrier.

  27. China currently has zero chance in a naval engagement. However, any American ship within 200NM of China's coast or claimed islands in the South China Sea will be sunk within 30 minutes due to the tens of thousands of missiles that China possesses.

  28. Thanks for the video. The Chinese carrier wouldn't stand a chance against a Ford class carrier. With the new launching technology that the American carrier has, it would be able to overwhelm the Chinese with advanced fighter jets. The 1 mph speed advantage would be no help in battle with a superior American carrier that has pilot expertise and advanced fighter jets. It would be a bad day for the Chinese if they were to take on the Americans.

  29. U.S. aircraft carriers actual top speeds are classified but 35kts is not accurate. I guarantee the Ford is faster than the Type 001. F-35 has advantage so long as it maintains stealth, so no external hardpoints which will limit payload but the F-18 Superhornets are a match for any modern 4th gen fighter China is likely to field and U.S. pilots will have the advantage in training and experience. China uses alot of Soviet era aircraft or indigenous versions of Soviet tech which are often not as robust and reliable as the Russian equivalents by most reports. Not even their J22 "Stealth" fighter, whose stealth characteristics are dubious since Indian Flankers picked them up on radar and they don't have supercruise capable engines is only a threat if its BVR missiles are at least equal to current AMRAAMs as they can probably carry a lot due to the Chengdu's shear size.

  30. This guy doesn't have the basic information about how a aircraft carrier is defended…. It is the mother ship of a fleet and is not a joke to compare…
    The Chinese do not have the experience against the enormous aircraft carriers… Which have their own defence and offensive capabilities

  31. Yeah, U.S. carriers are far faster than the 35 knot rating…MUCH faster. In any case, surface carriers are in their twilight, subs are the future…particularly subs that can carry swarms of drones.

  32. 8:00 you have a JSTARS on deck when it’s should have been the Hawkeye.

    This is from a Airmen assigned to the JSTARS program

  33. At this point I'm calling these videos the "This week on why the US military would mop the floor with you" series

  34. People say Iraq got no Weapon of Mass Destruction…America say got…Must check -whole of Iraq -nothing found but whole Iraq bomb,..President sent to underground – upsidedown but North Korea got Weapon of mass destruction – America say no – Nothing happen…thats a big different,

  35. Do not forget: one fantastillion dollars atomic us carriers was sunk by a few million dollar swedish sub equipped with osolete torpedoes but also using a stearling engine. This has happened during training operations in the northern sea. The swedish sub scored four hits in the carriers belly, and returned to his base undetected.
    Just to say that power is not a guaantee of victory. Until now, nobody was able to defeat China (or even going close to that), neither the russian or the japanese…
    This one-to-one comparisons have no sense, IMO. One has to consider the overall strategies and action in war. In such case, the variables are so many that nobody can be sure about nothing.

  36. Only nuclear powered aircraft carriers with catapults can launch any aircraft as long as it can handle 175 mph in less than 2 seconds and has a hook to attach to the catapult

  37. With the equivalent budget of Ford class carrier, China can build thousand of DF-21D, DF-26, and the latest DF-17 with hypersonic meanuvarable warhead! Who will win??

  38. hmm, I was assuming this was a simple hardware comparison. Instead I got a 'merica! puff piece. Of course the US will have more experienced crews, they've been spending trillions of dollars on their military, to the point that the defence industry is so intertwined with their economy that they can't afford to quit spending, even with a debt so large the government shuts down once a year when budget time rolls around until they agree to borrow more money. It will not be military force that defeats the US unless they actually try to invade China, and hopefully even Trump isn't that dumb.

  39. The winner I believe who ever make a major strike first! You can’t always go by the stronger military equipment! Like the battle of midway the Japanese over powered the USA they had 4 carriers to our 2, they had more planes and better planes at that time of the war but the USA found a way to win ! Even though the Japanese made some mistakes and so did we but we capitalize on their mistakes and won that battle and on to win the war!!!!!

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